When a foreigner applies for a PR visa, he/she must have a guarantor.

However, some people may think that a "guarantor" is a serious responsibility and difficult to find.

Many people may not want to accept the responsibility because of the image that they may be claimed for damages or that they are like a co-signer in case something happens.

However, the "guarantor" required for a permanent residence visa application is not like the above.

In fact, they do not claim damages and are not co-signers.

What is the definition of a guarantor under the Immigration Law?

It means that the guarantor is required to observe Japanese laws and regulations as necessary, to instruct the foreigner himself/herself to properly fulfill his/her official obligations, and to instruct the foreigner himself/herself to properly observe instructions from the Immigration Bureau when he/she receives them.

Even if the foreigner himself/herself causes any problems or commits a crime, the guarantor will not be penalized or held liable for damages.

However, if the guarantor does not follow the contents of the guarantee, there is a possibility that he/she will be judged as "unable to fulfill his/her role as a guarantor" or "unsuitable as a guarantor.

As a result, it may be judged that the guarantor is not qualified to act as a guarantor for subsequent applications for entry and residence, and it may become difficult for the guarantor to become a guarantor again.
In other words, the guarantor here is not legally obligated, but is morally responsible, and therefore, unlike a cosigner, is not liable for compensation.

Who can be a guarantor?

If you are married to a Japanese national, you can ask your Japanese spouse (husband or wife) to act as your guarantor.

Otherwise, you are likely to ask your boss, colleagues, friends, or relatives at your place of work (company) to act as your guarantor.

What documents do I need to submit regarding a guarantor?

From June 1, 2022, the documents related to the guarantor will be simplified, and only a letter of guarantee and documents that clarify the guarantor's identity (e.g., a copy of a driver's license, passport, or my number card) will be required to apply for the guarantor.

Previously, the guarantor was required to submit a taxation certificate, certificate of residence, certificate of enrollment, etc., but now, in principle, the guarantor only needs to submit a "reference form" and "documents clarifying identity matters," thus reducing the burden on the guarantor.